[The name may also be seen as Petr Chelcicky, Peter Chelciki, Peter Chelciky, Peter Chelcicky, Peter Chelcický, Petrus Cheltschitzky, Peter of Chelcic, Peter Helchitsky, et al..]
() (c. 1390 – c. 1460) was a Czech Christian
spiritual leader and author in 15th century Kingdom of Bohemia
(modern Czech Republic
). He was one of the most influential thinkers of the Bohemian Reformation
His published works concentrated on critique of immorality and violence of the contemporary church and state. He proposed a number of Bible-based improvements for human society, including nonresistance
, which influenced such luminaries as Tolstoy, Gandhi, and M.L.King. Paradoxically, the main part of the Hussites|Hussite movement
rejected his teachings in favour of nonviolence and avoidance of politics, which led to much violence among the Hussite movement in the end. Chelcicky's teachings laid the foundation of the Unity...